13.1 Confidential Information, Defined; Exclusions. 

(a) Definition of Confidential Information.

The term “Confidential Information” means, with respect to a Disclosing Party, information and material, regardless of the form in which that information or material is constituted, any and all regulatory, technical, manufacturing, business, financial, operational, administrative, marketing or economic information, data, documents, designs, patents, materials, product samples, and Know-How asserted by such Disclosing Party as being confidential to it and disclosed by the Disclosing Party to the Receiving Party, whether orally, in writing, or in pictorial form in hard copy, electronic form or in any other form, in connection with the performance of this Agreement by the Parties, marked in English, or otherwise identified, as confidential or proprietary or secret. 


(b) Exclusions.

The term “Confidential Information” does not apply to any portion of information or materials that a Receiving Party can demonstrate by contemporaneous written records was: (i) known to the general public at the time of its disclosure to the Receiving Party, or thereafter became generally known to the general public, other than as a result of actions or omissions of the Receiving Party or anyone to whom the receiving Party disclosed such information or materials; (ii) known by the Receiving Party prior to the date of disclosure by the Disclosing Party; (iii) disclosed to the Receiving Party on an unrestricted basis from a source unrelated to the Disclosing Party and not under a duty of confidentiality to the Disclosing Party; or (iv) independently developed by the Receiving Party by personnel that did not have access to or use of Confidential Information of the Disclosing Party. Any combination of features or disclosures shall not be deemed to fall within the foregoing exclusions merely because individual features are published or known to the general public or in the rightful possession of the Receiving Party unless the combination itself and principle of operation thereof are published or known to the general public or are in the rightful possession of the Receiving Party. 


13.2 Degree of Care.


Each Party shall take Commercially Reasonable Efforts to maintain the confidentiality of the Confidential Information of the other Party, which steps shall be no less protective than those steps that such Party takes to protect its own information and materials of a  similar confidential nature, but in no event less than a reasonable degree of care. Neither Party shall use or permit the use of any Confidential Information of the other Party except for the purposes of carrying out its obligations or exercising its rights under this Agreement, and neither Party shall copy any Confidential Information of the other Party except as may be reasonably useful or necessary for such purposes. All Confidential Information of a Party, including without limitation all copies and derivations thereof, is and shall remain the sole and exclusive property of such Party and subject to the restrictions provided for herein. Neither Party shall disclose any Confidential Information of the other Party other than as permitted under this Agreement.


13.3 Required Disclosures.


The obligations of Sections 13.2 and 13.7 shall not apply to the extent that the Receiving Party: 

 (a) is required to disclose Confidential Information it receives pursuant to (i) an order of a court of competent jurisdiction, (ii) Applicable Laws, (iii) regulations or rules of a securities exchange, including without limitation as required in connection with a public offering of the Receiving Party’s stock or to comply with regulations imposed by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, NASDAQ, or stock exchange disclosure requirements, or (iv) requirement of a governmental agency for purposes of obtaining approval to test or market the Product; provided that, in the case of clauses (i) through (iv) of this subsection (a), the Receiving Party shall provide prior written notice thereof to the Disclosing Party and, where practicable, reasonable opportunity for the Disclosing Party to review and comment on such required disclosure and request confidential treatment thereof or a protective order therefore in a reasonably timely manner, or 


(b) discloses such Confidential Information to Affiliates, potential or actual acquirers, merger partners, external advisors, licensees, sublicensees, assignees, subcontractors, investment bankers, investors, lenders, venture capital firms, investment bankers, or other potential financial partners, and their and each of the Parties’ respective directors, employees, contractors, and agents; provided that such any such person or entity listed in the first part of this subsection (b) agrees to confidentiality and nonuse obligations with respect thereto at least as stringent as those specified in Section 13.2. 


13.4 Permitted Disclosures.


At each Receiving Party’s request, the Disclosing Party shall review and approve in good faith the use by the Receiving Party any packet of Confidential Information of the Disclosing Party that the Receiving Party proposes to disclose, under commercially reasonable confidentiality obligations that are less stringent than those specified in Section 13.2 to actual or potential investment bankers, investors, lenders, venture capital firms, investment bankers, or other potential financial partners, and their and the Receiving Party’s respective directors, employees, contractors, and agents for purposes of raising capital. 


13.5 Irreparable Injury.


The Parties acknowledge that either Party’s breach of this Article 13 would cause the other Party irreparable injury for which it would not have an adequate remedy at law. In the event of a breach of this Article 13, the nonbreaching Party may seek injunctive relief, whether preliminary or permanent, in addition to any other remedies it may have at law or in equity, without necessity of posting a bond. 


13.6 Return of Confidential Information.


Each Receiving Party shall return or destroy, at the Disclosing Party’s instruction, all Confidential Information of the Disclosing Party in the Receiving Party’s possession upon termination or expiration of this Agreement, except any Confidential Information that is necessary to allow the Receiving Party to perform or enjoy any of its rights or obligations that expressly survive the termination or expiration of this Agreement. 


13.7 Public Disclosure. 


(a) The Parties agree that the initial public announcement of the execution of this Agreement shall be in the form set forth on Exhibit 13.7 (the “Press Release”). 


(b) During the term of this Agreement, in all cases other than the announcement set forth in the Press Release, Licensor and Licensee shall submit to each other in a reasonably timely manner for review and approval all proposed press releases involving medical or scientific information, academic, scientific, and medical Publications and public presentations, including without limitation any and all abstracts, public presentations at congresses or scientific meetings or other public meetings, and any Publication manuscripts, relating to the Product, the Nocturia Indication, the PNE Indication and any Additional Indication that have not been previously publicly disclosed and that are not otherwise permitted to be disclosed under this Article 13. Such review and approval shall be conducted in a timely manner for the purposes of preserving intellectual property protection and determining whether any portion of the proposed publication or presentation containing the Confidential Information of either Party should be modified or deleted. Notwithstanding the foregoing and for clarity sake, this provision shall not apply for any disclosures or releases required by the SEC or any other Regulatory Authority, which such disclosures and releases will be subject to Section 13.3. 


(c) Effect on Existing Confidentiality Agreement. The provisions of this Article 13 do not supersede that certain letter agreement, dated April 3, 2017, between Licensor and Licensee.


KASAN_국제계약서 중 비밀보호계약, 비밀유지약정, NDA, CDA 조항 – 비밀정보 범위, 적용 배제대상, 비밀유지 의무, 위반시 조치 등 계약조항 샘플.pdf


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작성일시 : 2021. 9. 7. 11:00



1. 계약조항 샘플


(비밀정보의 사용 제한 "정보수령자" "정보제공자"의 사전 서면 승인이 없는 한 "비밀정보" "목적 사업외의 다른 목적이나 용도로 사용할 수 없으며, "목적 사업"과 관련하여 사용할 경우에도 필요한 업무 수행의 범위를 초과하여 "비밀정보"를 임의로 복제, 수정, 저장, 변형 또는 분석하는 등의 행위를 할 수 없다.


"정보수령자" "비밀정보"를 보호하고 관리하는 데에 필요한 모든 노력을 다하여야 한다. 다만, 천재지변, 화재, 전쟁, 혁명, 정부의 규제 등 불가항력적 사유에 의해 "비밀정보"가 유출된 경우에는 "비밀정보" 유출에 대한 책임을 부담하지 않는다.


"정보수령자" "비밀정보"의 외부로의 누설 또는 "비밀정보"의 대내외적 오사용 등 침해 사실이 발견된 경우 즉시 "정보제공자"에게 서면으로 그 사실을 통보하고, "정보제공자"가 요구하는 적절한 조치를 취하여야 한다.


"정보수령자" "목적 사업"을 위하여 "비밀정보"에 접근할 필요가 있는 자신의 관련 임직원(이하 "관련 임직원"이라 한다)으로서 첨부1 "관련 임직원 서약서" (이하 "서약서"라 한다)"에 서명 또는 기명날인을 한 "관련 임직원" 외에는 어떠한 제3자 에게도 "비밀정보"를 제공할 수 없으며, 본 계약 체결 후 "관련 임직원"이 추가된 경우 첨부 2 "관련 임직원 서약서(추가)" 양식에 그 "관련 임직원"의 서명 또는 기명날인을 추가로 받은 후 이를 "정보제공자"에게 제출한다.


"정보수령자"가 위 제 4항의 "관련 임직원"을 제외한 제3자에게 "비밀정보"를 제공하기 위해서는 "정보제공자"의 사전 서면 승인을 받아야 하며, “정보수령자는 다음의 사항을 준수하여야 한다.

1. 해당 제3자와의 사이에 "정보제공자" "비밀정보"를 보호하는 내용의 비밀유지계약을 체결하여야 한다.

2. 3("비밀정보"에 접근할 필요가 있는 제3자의 임직원, 사용자를 포함한다)로부터 첨부3 "3자 서약서" 양식에 제3자의 서명 또는 기명날인을 받은 후 이를 보관하고 그 사본을 정보제공자에게 제출하여야 한다

3. 3자에 의한 "정보제공자"의 비밀정보 누설, 유출 등이 발생하지 않도록 필요한 조치를 취하고 그에 대한 책임을 져야 한다.


2. 실무적 포인트  


비밀정보 제공의 목적(통상적으로 평가/검토용도)을 명기하여, 제공비밀은 한정된 용도로 제공된 것이므로 일반적인 권리 허여가 배제된 것임을 입증키 위함. 이러한 규정에 따라 수령자는 제3자에 대한 공개금지 뿐만 아니라, 수령자 자신의 사용도 특정목적 외의 다른 용도로 사용할 수 없음.


평가용 비밀정보 유의사항:


) 통상 evaluation 목적에 한정됨에 유의하여, 수령자료·정보에 관한 marking 및 기록유지를 해야 한다.


ⅱ) 유사기술 단독 또는 타사와 연구개발진행 필요 시는 이에 관한 독립된 연구· 개발일지를 기록·관리하여야 한다.


ⅲ) evaluation 후 대상기술에 대한 수령자 검토의견의 명확한 회신이 있어야 하고, rejection 시 가급적 수령 기술 중 당사가 기보유한 기술 및 공지기술 등에 대한 범위설정을 하여 이에 관한 범위 및 근거를 거절서면에 서술하여 둠이 바람직하다.


수령자의 관리 의무 - 비밀유지정도 (Standard of Care):


통상적으로 수령자가 자신의 비밀을 유지하기 위하여 취하는 주의 정도에 한정하는 것이 관례임(, 최소한 reasonable degree of care 요구). 수령자에게 부과될 수 있는 구체적인 의무는 아래와 같은 항목이 있으나, 수령자는 자신의 내부 보안 규정이나 현실적 관행을 고려하여, 일반적인 주의로 관리 가능한 범위 내로 한정해야 한다.  


제공정보 / 자료의 기록 유지, ② 다른 영업비밀 / 자료와의 분리보관, ③ 내부사용자제한(need to know), ④ 사용자 및 사용 용도 / 시간기록, ⑤ 제공자 요구시 또는 NDA 해제 / 종료 시 자료 반환 또는 파기, ⑥ 사용자 개인별 기밀유지각서 확보


KASAN_NDA 약정, CDA 약정, 비밀보호계약, 비밀유지약정에서 비밀정보의 사용제한범위 조항 샘플 및 실무적 포인트.pdf


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작성일시 : 2021. 9. 7. 09:00